Sometimes you just want to host some files locally on you machine. For instance when debugging javascript with webworkers importing javascript files, it is required that these files come from a web URL instead of a file://-URL.

Just saw this great suggestion on Stackoverflow. Start a local webserver using Python or Javascript and you now have the files available at http://localhost!
sudo python3 -m http.server 80
or if you do not have Python 3 installed
sudo python -m SimpleHTTPServer 80